Facial trauma as sequel of physical attacks
Introduction: Coinciding with the reduction of cases of facial trauma due to car crashes in the last few years, there was an increase in cases of lesions in the head and neck by physical attacks, mainly due to increased urban violence. Objective: The objective of this study was to develop a literature review about the facial trauma caused by beatings and its main aspects. Material and Method: MEDLINE / PubMed and SciELO / Lilacs databases were used, with the following descriptors: facial trauma, and agression injuries and facial trauma and physical aggression, respectively. The findings included articles in English and Portuguese, ranging from the years 2002 and 2012. Results: From a total of 133 articles, 17 met the established criteria and from them, the most relevant data were collected and studied. Discussion: occurred an increase from 9 to 14.8% of cases of facial trauma by physical attacks. Most of the occurrences was involving males (87%) and its incidence was higher in the age group of 20 to 39 years. In most cases the most affected bones were jaw (35%), zygomatic (24%) and nose (23%). Considerations: Governmental actions are necessary to decrease urban violence, and thus promote a reduction of the numbers of victims of physical agression.