Thinking with Simone de Beauvoir... and beyond

  • Christine Daigle Brock University

Resumo

In my article, I address what I perceive to be Beauvoir's fundamental preoccupation, namely ethics. Her ethical thinking is grounded in ontological and phenomenological considerations that allow her to think through interpersonal relations. Because this is what drives her philosophy, I consider her fundamental preoccupation to be ethical. The problem of alterity is one that Beauvoir seeks to address in her work. Discussing this, I engage with the question of its origin and the problem of influence between Sartre and Beauvoir. This leads me to an analysis of how Beauvoir tackles the problem of alterity in She Came to Stay. My claim is that the novel does not offer a theory of alterity and that only seeds of such a theory are to be found therein. Nonetheless, Beauvoir's thinking in the novel was influential on Sartre. But it can also be argued that the influence remains reciprocal.

Em meu artigo remeto ao que percebo ser a preocupação fundamental de Beauvoir, a ética. Seu pensamento ético está fundamentado em considerações ontológicas e fenomenológicas que lhe permitem pensar as relações interpessoais. Uma vez que é isso que impulsiona sua filosofia, considero que sua preocupação fundamental é ética. O problema da alteridade é um dos que Beauvoir busca abordar em sua obra. Discutindo isso, trato da questão da sua origem e do problema da influência com relação a Sartre e Beauvoir. Isso me leva a uma análise de como Beauvoir aborda o problema da alteridade em A Convidada. Minha posição é que o romance não apresenta uma teoria da alteridade, mas sementes de tal teoria encontram-se nele. No entanto, o pensamento de Beauvoir, apresentado nesse romance, exerceu influência sobre Sartre. Mas também se pode argumentar que a influência entre ambos seja recíproca.

 

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Biografia do Autor

Christine Daigle, Brock University

Professor of Philosophy and Chancellor's Chair for Research Excellence at Brock University, Canada. Doctorate in philosophy from Université de Montréal in Canada. Selected Publications: Jean-Paul Sartre (Routledge, 2009); Le Nihilisme est-il un humanisme? Étude sur Nietzsche et Sartre (Presses de l'Université Laval, 2005); Nietzsche and Phenomenology. Power, Life, Subjectivity (co-eds.) with Élodie Boublil Studies in Continental Thought Series, (Indiana University Press- forthcoming spring/summer 2013); Beauvoir and Sartre. The Riddle of Influence. (co-eds.) with Jacob Golomb. (Indiana University Press, 2009).

Referências

ANDERSON, Thomas C. The Foundation and Structure of Sartrean Ethics. Lawrence (Kansas): University of Kansas Press, 1979.

ANDERSON, Thomas C. From Authenticity to Integral Humanity: Sartre's First Two Ethics. Chicago: Open Court Press, 1993.

DE BEAUVOIR, Simone. The Ethics of Ambiguity. Translated by Bernard Frechtman. New York: Citadel Press, 1976.

DE BEAUVOIR, Simone. "Pyrrhus and Cineas." Philosophical Writings. Margaret A. Simons (ed.). Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 2004.

DE BEAUVOIR, Simone. The Second Sex. Translated by Constance Borde and Sheila Malovany-Chevallier. New York: Vintage, 2011.

DE BEAUVOIR, Simone. She Came to Stay. New York: W. W. Norton & Company, 1999.

BERGOFFEN, Debra. "Recension of Penelope Deutscher's The Philosophy of Simone de Beauvoir. Ambiguity, Conversion, Resistance." philoSOPHIA. A Journal of Continental Feminism, volume 1.2, pp. 251-256.

DAIGLE, Christine. “The Ambiguous Ethics of Simone de Beauvoir.” Existentialist Thinkers and Ethics. C. Daigle (ed.). Kingston and Montreal: McGill/Queen’s University Press, 2006, pp. 120-141.

DAIGLE, Christine. “Beauvoir philosophe: pour une phénoménologie de l’ambiguïté.” (Re)découvrir l’oeuvre de Simone de Beauvoir. Du Deuxième sexe à La Cérémonie des adieux. J. Kristeva, P. Fautrier, P.-L. Fort and A. Strasser (eds.). Paris: Le Bord de l’eau, 2008, pp. 149-157.

DAIGLE, Christine. “The Ethics of Authenticity.” Reading Sartre. Jonathan Webber (ed.). London: Routledge, 2010, pp. 1-14.

DAIGLE, Christine. “Where Influence Fails: Embodiment in Beauvoir and Sartre.” Beauvoir and Sartre: The Riddle of Influence. C. Daigle and J. Golomb (eds.). Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2009, pp. 30-48.

DAIGLE, Christine ; LANDRY, Christinia. "An Analysis of Sartre's and Beauvoir's Views on Transcendence. Exploring Intersubjective Relations." PhaenEx, Spring/Summer 2013.

DAIGLE, Christine ; GOLOMB, Jacob (eds.). Beauvoir and Sartre: The Riddle of Influence. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2009.

DEUTSCHER, Penelope. The Philosophy of Simone de Beauvoir. Ambiguity, Conversion, Resistance. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008.

FULLBROOK, Edward; FULLBROOK, Kate. Sex and Philosophy: Rethinking de Beauvoir and Sartre. London and New York: Continuum, 2008.

KRUKS, Sonia. "Simone de Beauvoir: Teaching Sartre About Freedom." Sartre Alive. Aronson, Ronald and Adrian van den Hoven (eds). Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1991

SARTRE, Jean-Paul. Being and Nothingness: An Essay in Phenomenological Ontology. Translated by Hazel E. Barnes. Revised edition. London and New York: Routledge, 2003.

SIMONS, Margaret A. Beauvoir and the Second Sex: Feminism, Race, and the Origins of Existentialism. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield, 1999.

Publicado
07-02-2013
Como Citar
Daigle, C. (2013). Thinking with Simone de Beauvoir. and beyond. Sapere Aude, 3(6), 96-106. Recuperado de http://periodicos.pucminas.br/index.php/SapereAude/article/view/4763
Seção
ARTIGOS/ARTICLES: DOSSIÊ/DOSSIER