Sexuality and Existential-Phenomenological Method

  • Kristin Rodier University of Alberta, Canada

Resumo

In this paper I explore the intercorporeal phenomenologies of Jean-Paul Sartre, Maurice Merleau-Ponty and Simone de Beauvoir by thinking through their views on being-with-others and sexuality. For Sartre our being-for-others is always revealed to us in conflict as shame and we are stuck thinking of the other as either a freedom or a body.  Merleau-Ponty, however, offers us the notion of sexuality as an atmosphere of meaning we can undertake that affects our entire lived being (body-subject). Beauvoir reveals to us the gendering of the erotic encounter and thus a new way of phenomenologically experiencing ourselves and others as bodies.

Neste artigo eu explore a fenomenologia intercorporal de Jean-Paul Sartre, Maurice Merleau-Ponty e Simone de Beauvoir refletindo sobre suas perspectivas acerca do ser-com-os-outros e sexualidade. Para Sartre nosso ser para o outro é sempre revelado para nós por meio de conflitos, tais como vergonha, e nós somos levados a pensar no outro tanto como liberdade quanto como corpo. Merleau-Ponty, por sua vez, oferece-nos a noção de sexualidade como uma atmosfera de sentidos que nós podemos apreender gerando efeitos em nosso inteiro ser vivente (corpo-sujeito). Beauvoir revela-nos um encontro erótico por meio de uma relação de gênero e assim um novo caminho para as experiências fenomenológicas de nós mesmos e de outros corpos.

 

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Biografia do Autor

Kristin Rodier, University of Alberta, Canada
Kristin Rodier is a doctoral candidate in the department of philosophy at the University of Alberta, Canada.  Her main of research is the connection between freedom and embodiment, concentrating on habit—how to change habits, how habits are changed over time, specifically as it relates to puzzles in feminist philosophy. She has published reviews in Dialogue, Symposium, and Feminist Media Studies. She recently published a comprehensive teaching syllabus entitled Feminist Philosophy in the journal Syllabus (2012). She also has a forthcoming article on Simone de Beauvoir’s La Vieillesse in Janus Head’s special edition on feminist phenomenology.

Referências

WORKS CITED

BEAUVOIR, SIMONE DE. The Second Sex. Trans. H. M. Parshley. New York: Random House, 1989 [1949, 1951].

BERGOFFEN, Deborah. The Philosophy of Simone de Beauvoir: Gendered Phenomenologies, Erotic Generosities. New York: New York UP, 1997.

GATENS, Moira. Beauvoir and Biology: A Second Look (1999) In: CARD, Claudia. The Cambridge Companion to Simone de Beauvoir. New York: Cambridge UP, 2003.

HEINAMAA, Sara. Toward a Phenomenology of Sexual Difference: Husserl, Merleau-Ponty, Beauvoir. New York: Rowman & Littlefield, 2003.

HUSSERL, Edmund. Ideas: General Introduction to Phenomenology. In: WITTIN, Don The Essential Husserl. Bloomington, IN: Indiana UP, 1999.

MARSHALL, George J. A Guide to Merleau-Ponty’s The Phenomenology of Perception. Milwaukee, WI: Marquette UP, 2008.

MERLEAU-PONTY, Maurice. Phenomenology of Perception. Trans. Colin Smith. New York: Routledge, 2002 [1945]

SARTRE, Jean-Paul. Being and Nothingness. Trans. Hazel E. Barnes. New York: Washington Square Press, 1966 [1943].

SUTTON MORRIS, Phyllis. Sartre on Objectification: A Feminist Perspective. In: MURPHY, Julien. Feminist Interpretations of Jean-Paul Sartre. Pittsburgh, PA: Penn State Press, 1999, p. 64-89.

Publicado
31-05-2014
Como Citar
Rodier, K. (2014). Sexuality and Existential-Phenomenological Method. Sapere Aude, 5(9), 320-334. Recuperado de http://periodicos.pucminas.br/index.php/SapereAude/article/view/7511
Seção
ARTIGOS/ARTICLES: DOSSIÊ/DOSSIER