Water and climate change: a sign of war or a chance for cooperation? A comparative study between Central Asia and South America

Água e mudança climática: um indício de guerra ou chance para a cooperação? Um estudo comparado entre a Ásia central e a América do Sul

  • Barbara Magalhaes Teixeira Department of Peace and Conflict Research, Uppsala University

Resumo

Different than the traditional body of work of this field that claims water scarcity leads to conflict, or to another line of research that claims water scarcity actually leads to cooperation; this article proposes a different causal mechanism that links the importance of the pattern of relations existing between countries prior to climate change and resource scarcity, to try to explain why water scarcity causes conflict in some cases and cooperation in others.

Biografia do Autor

Barbara Magalhaes Teixeira, Department of Peace and Conflict Research, Uppsala University
Barbara is pursuing her master's degree at the Department of Peace and Conflict Research at Uppsala University.

Referências

BUZAN, Barry. “New Patterns of Global Security in the Twenty-First Century” International Affairs Vol. 67, No. 3. (Jul., 1991), pp. 431-451.

CAHLMAN, Olga, 2008. Gestão de Recursos Hídricos em Bacias de Rios Fronteiriços e Transfronteiriços – Rio Quaraí/Bacia do Prata. Available at:< http://objdig.ufrj.br/60/teses/coppe_d/OlgaKelmanBrockiCalhman.pdf>.

CAPALDO, Griselda, 2009. The Rio de La Plata Basin. Available at:< https://www.researchgate.net/publication/251104116_The_Rio_de_la_Plata_Basin>.

CIC, 2017. Comité Intergubernamental Coordinador de los Países de la Cuenca del Plata. Available at: <http://cicplata.org/es/sobre-el-cic/>.

FLINKER, Raquel, 2012. La Plata River Basin. Available at:<http://www.caee.utexas.edu/prof/mckinney/ce397/Topics/LaPlata/LaPlata%282012%29.pdf>.

ICG; International Crisis Group. Water Pressures in Central Asia. Europe and Central Asia Report N°233. 11 September 2014.

MEDREA, Sergei. “New round of tensions in Uzbek-Tajik relations”, Central Asia-Caucasus Institute Analyst, 25 January 2012.

MUSIOL, Marek Antoni. ¨Post-Soviet Central Asia

as a Unique Regional Security Complex¨ The Polish Quarterly of International Affairs, no. 4, 59-78, 2005.

OSCE; Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe. Environmental Activities. Available at:<http://www.osce.org/astana/106457>.

SWAIN, Ashok. “Water Wars” in James D. Wright, ed., International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences, 2nd edition, Vol. 25 (Oxford: Elsevier, 2015), pp. 443–447, 2005.

Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC). Integrated Water Resource Management (IWRM). Available at:.

Transboundary Freshwater Dispute Database. Available at:<http://www.transboundarywaters.orst.edu/database/>.

U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID). ¨Kyrgyz Republic Program Update¨ 28 March 2011.

YOFFE, Shira, Aaron T. Wolf, and Mark Giordano, “Conflict And Cooperation Over International Freshwater Resources: Indicators Of Basins At Risk” Journal Of The American Water Resources Association, October 2003.

Publicado
03-01-2018
Como Citar
Magalhaes Teixeira, B. (2018). Water and climate change: a sign of war or a chance for cooperation? A comparative study between Central Asia and South America. Conjuntura Internacional, 14(2), 92-100. https://doi.org/10.5752/P.1809-6182.2017v14n2p92-100