Implicações práticas das Missões de Paz Híbridas: um estudo comparado entre UNAMID e UNAMIR

Practical implications of Hybrid Peace Missions: a comparative study between UNAMID and UNAMIR

  • Rhaíssa Pagot Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
  • Kelly Patrícia Ernst Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina
Palavras-chave: UNAMIR, UNAMID, missão de paz híbrida

Resumo

A demora da ONU em tratar o genocídio em Ruanda (1993) refletiu no massacre em Darfur (2004). Nesse último caso, foi criada uma missão de paz híbrida com a União Africana. Partindo da comparação entre elas, refuta-se que a condução da missão seja afetada somente pela sua composição.

Downloads

Não há dados estatísticos.

Biografia do Autor

Rhaíssa Pagot, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Doutoranda do Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciência Política da UFRGS. Pesquisadora do Núcleo de Estudos da Mulher e Gênero (NIEM-UFRGS). Mestra em Relações Internacional pela UFSC. Bacharela em Relações Internacionais pela UNISC.
Kelly Patrícia Ernst, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina
Mestranda do Programa de Pós-Graduação em Relações Internacionais pela UFSC. Pesquisadora do Grupo de Pesquisa e Extensão em Segurança Internacional e Defesa (GESED-UFSC). Bacharela em Relações Internacionais pela UNISC.

Referências

ABOAGYE, Festus. The hybrid operation for Darfur: a critical review of the concept of the mechanism. Pretoria: Institute for Security Studies Papers, n. 149, p. 1-24, 2007.

AFRICAN UNION. Constitutive Act of African Union. Lomé: African Union, 2000.

AFRICAN UNION PSC. Report of the Chairperson of the Commission on the Situation in the Sudan (Crisis in Darfur). Fifth session – 13 april 2004. Addis Ababa: African Union Peace and Security Council, 2004.

BADESCU, Cristina G.; BERGHOLM, Linnea. The responsibility to protect and the conflict in Darfur: The big let-down. Security Dialogue, v. 40, n. 3, p. 287-309, 2009.

BARROS, Carolina; MORAIS, Clarice; DAHER, Raíssa. As Peacekeeping Operations (PKOS) e o caso de Ruanda. Fronteira, v. 7, n. 14, p. 47-63, 2008.

BELLAMY, Alex J. Responsibility to protect or Trojan horse? The crisis in Darfur and humanitarian intervention after Iraq. Ethics & International Affairs, v. 19, n. 2, p. 31-54, 2005.

GOWAN, Richard; JOHNSTONE, Ian. New Challenges for Peacekeeping: Protection, Peacebuilding, and the" war on Terror". New York: International Peace Academy, 2007.

HEHIR, Aidan. Humanitarian intervention after Kosovo: Iraq, Darfur and the record of global civil society. Palgrave Macmillan, 2008.

KREPS, Sarah E. The United Nations-African Union Mission in Darfur: Implications and prospects for success. African Security Studies, v. 16, n. 4, p. 65-79, 2007.

KUPERMAN, Alan J. The limits of humanitarian intervention: Genocide in Rwanda. Washington D.C.: Brookings Institution Press, 2004.

LOPES, Dawisson Belém. A ONU tem autoridade? Um exercício de contabilidade política (1945-2006). Revista Brasileira de Política Internacional, v. 50, n. 1, p. 47-65, 2007.

MAKINDA, Samuel M.; OKUMU, F. Wafula. The African Union: challenges of globalization, security, and governance. New York: Routledge, 2007.

MCQUEEN, Carol. Humanitarian Intervention and Safety Zones: Iraq, Bosnia, and Rwanda. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2005.

MOGHALU, Kingsley. Rwanda's genocide: the politics of global justice. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2005.

MURITHI, Tim. The African Union's evolving role in peace operations: the African Union Mission in Burundi, the African Union Mission in Sudan and the African Union Mission in Somalia. African Security Studies, v. 17, n. 1, p. 69-82, 2008.

MYINT-U, Thant ; SCOTT, Amy. The UN Secretariat: a brief history, 1945–2006. New York: International Peace Academy, 2007.

OTHIENO, Timothy; SAMASUWO, Nhamo. A critical analysis of Africa's experiments with hybrid missions and security collaboration. African Security Studies, v. 16, n. 3, p. 25-39, 2007.

POTI. Core Pre-deployment Training Materials. Peace Operations Training Institute (POTI), UN Department of Peacekeeping Operations (DPKO), mar. 2014. Disponível em: < https://www.peaceopstraining.org/courses/core-pre-deployment-training-materials/>. Acesso em: 05 jun. 2018.

REZENDE, Lucas P. O engajamento do Brasil nas Operações de Paz da ONU: Análise dos efetivos enviados e recomendações para o fortalecimento da inserção internacional brasileira. Curitiba: Appris, 2012.

UN. UNAMIR – United Nations Assistence Mission for Rwanda (October 1993 – March 1996). Peace and Security Section of Department of Public Information, 2001. Disponível em <http://www.un.org/en/peacekeeping/missions/past/unamir.htm>. Acesso em: 18 dez. 2014.

UN. UN Mission's Contributions by Country – 30 sep. 2014. Peace and Security Section of Department of Public Information, 2014a. Disponível em < http://www.un.org/en/peacekeeping/contributors/2014/sept14_5.pdf>. Acesso em: 27 jan. 2014.

UN. UNAMID – African Union/United Nations Hybrid operation in Darfur. Department of Peacekeeping Operations, 2014b. Disponível em <http://www.un.org/en/peacekeeping/missions/unamid/index.shtml>. Acesso em: 19 nov. 2014.

UNGA. Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide. Adopted by the General Assembly of the

United Nations on 9 December 1948. No. 1021. New York: United Nations, 1951.

UNGA. Budget for the African Union-United Nations Hybrid Operation in Darfur for the period from 1 July 2014 to 30 June 2015. New York: United Nations, 2014.

UNSC. Resolution 846 (1993) – Adopted by the Security Council at its 3244th meeting, on 22 June 1993. New York: United Nations, 1993a.

UNSC. Resolution 872 (1993) – Adopted by the Security Council at its 3288th meeting, on 5 October 1993. New York: United Nations, 1993b.

UNSC. Resolution 918 (1994) – Adopted by the Security Council at its 3377th meeting, on 17 May 1994. New York: United Nations, 1994.

UNSC. Resolution 1547 (2004) – Adopted by the Security Council at its 4988th meeting, on 11 June 2004. New York: United Nations, 2004.

UNSC. Report of the Secretary-General on the Sudan – 31 January 2005. New York: United Nations, 2005.

UNSC. Resolution 1706 (2006) – Adopted by the Security Council at its 5519th meeting, on 31 August 2006. New York: United Nations, 2006.

UNSC. Resolution 1769 (2007) – Adopted by the Security Council at its 5727th meeting, on 31 July 2007. New York: United Nations, 2007.

UNSC. Resolution 2173 (2014) – Adopted by the Security Council at its 7520th meeting, on 27 August 2014. New York: United Nations, 2014.

WAAL, Alex de. Darfur and the failure of the responsibility to protect. International Affairs, v. 83, n. 6, p. 1039–1054, 2007.

Publicado
09-08-2019
Como Citar
Pagot, R., & Ernst, K. P. (2019). Implicações práticas das Missões de Paz Híbridas: um estudo comparado entre UNAMID e UNAMIR. Conjuntura Internacional, 16(1), 18. https://doi.org/10.5752/P.1809-6182.2019v16n1p18
Seção
Dossiê "70 anos das operações de paz das Nações Unidas: balanços e perspectivas"