Integration, conflict, and autonomy among religious minorities in the late Ottoman Empire: the Greek-Catholic (Melkite) Church and sectarian turmoil in Mount Lebanon and Damascus

  • Youssef Alvarenga Cherem Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
  • Danny Zahreddine PUC Minas

Resumo

O século XX foi uma época de turbulência social e política para o Império Otomano. Para lidar com perda territórios, levantes, distúrbios e pressões militares, políticas e econômicas internacionais, ele teve de superar as deficiências estruturais nas forças armadas, na economia e na burocracia do Estado que o mantiveram atrasado em relação aos seus homólogos europeus. O ímpeto modernizador acabou assumindo a forma de uma profunda reforma jurídica e institucional em meados do século, transformando, mas também perturbando, o Estado e a sociedade otomanos. Neste artigo, discutimos um componente crucial dessas reformas e das relações internacionais do Império Otomano no século XIX: o status jurídico das minorias não muçulmanas. Enquadramos nossa discussão na análise de dois momentos: o reconhecimento oficial da comunidade religiosa greco-católica (melquita) em 1848 e o conflito civil sectário no Monte Líbano e Damasco em 1860. Os vetores de intersecção de interesses econômicos, religiosos e políticos em suas dimensões locais, regionais e internacionais serão iluminados, evidenciando uma abordagem mais matizada e multifacetada e menos monolítica e estatocêntrica em relação às relações internacionais do Império Otomano tardio e ao funcionamento de suas instituições.

Biografia do Autor

Youssef Alvarenga Cherem, Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)

Bacharel em Relações Internacionais pela Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Minas Gerais (2003), mestre e doutor em Antropologia Social pela Universidade Estadual de Campinas (2005, 2010). Atualmente professor adjunto da Universidade Federal de São Paulo. Tem experiência na área de história do Oriente Médio, islamismo, antropologia da religião, antropologia política e arte islâmica; atuando principalmente nos seguintes temas: islamismo, islamismo político, salafismo, relações internacionais do Oriente Médio, Líbano, Irã, Israel-Palestina, história das religiões, arte contemporânea no Oriente Médio.

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Publicado
18-02-2021
Como Citar
Alvarenga Cherem, Y., & Zahreddine, D. (2021). Integration, conflict, and autonomy among religious minorities in the late Ottoman Empire: the Greek-Catholic (Melkite) Church and sectarian turmoil in Mount Lebanon and Damascus. Estudos Internacionais: Revista De relações Internacionais Da PUC Minas, 8(4), 59-79. https://doi.org/10.5752/P.2317-773X.2020v8n4p59-79
Seção
Dossiê Império Otomano