Return migration from Venezuela to Europe: Back to the Roots?

  • Mónika Szente-Varga National University of Public Service (Budapest, Hungary)
  • Amadea Bata-Balog National University of Public Service

Resumo

O êxodo da Venezuela aumentou de intensidade até a pandemia de Covid-19. As chegadas à Europa foram significativamente inferiores às da América Latina, mas também cresceram e mostraram uma mudança na composição, incluindo uma percentagem decrescente de pessoas de origem europeia. Este estudo investiga a migração da Venezuela para a Espanha, Itália e Hungria no século 21. Ele começa com uma estrutura teórica detalhada e, em seguida, examina fluxos de migração específicos. A análise cobre as principais características desses movimentos migratórios, incluindo antecedentes, motivos e motivações, tamanho, distribuição geográfica e indicadores relacionados à integração. Métodos mistos são usados, qualitativos e quantitativos. Os resultados mostram que a atual emigração da Venezuela para a Espanha, Itália e Hungria pode ser considerada como migração de retorno, pois os fluxos originais existiram nos séculos 19 e 20, e os atuais contrafluxos não só incorporam os descendentes de imigrantes, mas também baseiam-se nos sistemas e redes migratórias existentes entre esses países.

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Biografia do Autor

Mónika Szente-Varga, National University of Public Service (Budapest, Hungary)

Historian (PhD in 2005, University of Szeged; Habilitation in 2014, University of Szeged). Associate Professor at the National University of Public Service, Budapest since 2015; was for two and a half years Vice-Dean of the Faculty of International and European Studies, responsible for the areas related to education (2016-2019). She used to work as a lecturer in Mexico, at the the Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla (2006-2007) and at the Universidad de las Américas, Puebla (2006-2008). Her fields of research include Modern and Contemporary History of Latin America and Spain, Interconnected History, Diplomatic History and International Migration. She is national coordinator for Hungary in the European Association of Latin American Historians (AHILA), and a member of the network Political A.T.L.A.S. Agency, Transfers, Links. Latin America - Southern Europe, 20th century. https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7403-6960

Amadea Bata-Balog, National University of Public Service

PhD Student at the National University of Public Service, Doctoral School of Public Administration Sciences, since 2019, in Budapest. She obtained a Bachelor’s degree in Sociology (Pázmány Péter Catholic University, Budapest) and a Master’s degree in International Relations (Budapest Business School). Currently, she is working as a research assistant and project manager at the Oriental Business and Innovation Center (OBIC). Her research focus within the doctoral program is on the Latin American Region, International Migration Processes. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6869-1667

 

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Publicado
30-11-2021
Como Citar
Szente-Varga, M., & Bata-Balog, A. (2021). Return migration from Venezuela to Europe: Back to the Roots?. Estudos Internacionais: Revista De relações Internacionais Da PUC Minas, 9(3), 75-95. https://doi.org/10.5752/P.2317-773X.2021v9n3p75-95