R(r)elações I(i)nternacionais, Realismo e Análise da Política Externa (APE): contextualizando a invenção da APE

I(i)nternational R(r)elations, Realism and Foreign Policy Analysis (FPA): contextualizing the invention of FPA

  • Pedro Emanuel Mendes Instituto Português de Relações Internacionais. Universidade Nova. IPRI-NOVA. Faculdade de Direito da Universidade Lusíada Porto FDULP. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6321-8344
Palavras-chave: Análise da Política Externa (APE), Realismo, Abordagem Fenomenológica, Abordagem Científico-comparativa, modelo de análise sociocultural.

Resumo

Este artigo faz uma contextualização do nascimento da Análise da Política Externa (APE). Apresenta uma análise historiográfica da invenção APE e da sua relação com os anos formativos da disciplina das Relações Internacionais (RI). O seu objetivo é o de iluminar a relação entre a história e a teoria da origem da APE como campo de estudo autónomo. O artigo está organizado em três partes. Em primeiro, identifica as origens europeias e norte-americanas do estudo da Política Externa e a sua ligação com as policy sciences. Em segundo, relaciona o surgimento do Realismo com o estudo tradicional da política externa e sintetiza as principais críticas teórico-metodológica introduzidas pela APE. Finalmente, apresenta uma análise dos principais marcos e inovações teóricas das abordagens que inventaram APE e propõe um modelo de análise sociocultural da política externa dos Estados. O artigo defende dois argumentos. Primeiro, a invenção da APE inscreve-se num contexto histórico e académico de protesto contra a visão tradicional de pensar e investigar a política externa. Segundo, é necessário assumir a interligação entre contextos históricos e contextos científicos na evolução teórica das RI e da APE. 

 

Biografia do Autor

Pedro Emanuel Mendes, Instituto Português de Relações Internacionais. Universidade Nova. IPRI-NOVA. Faculdade de Direito da Universidade Lusíada Porto FDULP.
Investigador integrado no IPRI-NOVA e Professor Auxiliar na FDULP

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Publicado
24-04-2020
Como Citar
Mendes, P. E. (2020). R(r)elações I(i)nternacionais, Realismo e Análise da Política Externa (APE): contextualizando a invenção da APE. Estudos Internacionais: Revista De relações Internacionais Da PUC Minas, 8(1), 64-88. https://doi.org/10.5752/P.2317-773X.2020v8n1p64-88