Competição entre China e Estados Unidos na América Latina: evolução, perspectivas e implicações no contexto do COVID-19

  • Florencia Rubiolo CONICET / Universidad Católica de Córdoba
  • Diego Telias Universidad ORT Uruguay
Palavras-chave: China, América LAtina, Estados Unidos, Covid-19, Rota da Seda Sanitária


Na última década, a China se estabeleceu como um ator-chave no sistema internacional e sua influência se irradia para todos os cantos do mundo. A América Latina não é exceção a esse fenômeno. A participação econômica da China na região teve impactos políticos que levaram à competição inevitável com os Estados Unidos. É neste contexto de competição que surge a pandemia COVID-19, com profundas consequências para os países latino-americanos.

O objetivo deste artigo é analisar as relações entre a América Latina e a China no contexto da competição com os Estados Unidos e a pandemia do COVID-19. O artigo aborda como a competição evoluiu, principalmente na área da saúde após o surto de COVID-19. Para isso, são discutidas as principais ações da China na região a partir de uma perspectiva teórica da economia política internacional e a partir de conceitos como diplomacia de máscaras e “wolf warrior diplomacy”.


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Biografia do Autor

Florencia Rubiolo, CONICET / Universidad Católica de Córdoba

CIECS (CONICET y UNC) Doctora en Relaciones Internacionales (UNR, Argentina). Investigadora Adjunta en el Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas de Argentina (CONICET, CIECS). Correo electrónico:

Diego Telias, Universidad ORT Uruguay

Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile & Universidad ORT Uruguay. Candidato a Doctor en Ciencia Política de la Universidad Católica de Chile (Becario CONICYT PFCHA/DOCTORADO BECAS NACIONALES/2019 – 2119032) y docente de la Facultad de Administración y Ciencias Sociales de la Universidad ORT Uruguay. Correo electrónico:


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Como Citar
Rubiolo, F., & Telias, D. (2022). Competição entre China e Estados Unidos na América Latina: evolução, perspectivas e implicações no contexto do COVID-19. Estudos Internacionais: Revista De relações Internacionais Da PUC Minas, 9(4), 43-62.
Special Issue: China