O Rei da Assíria Deseja ser um Grande Rei: Tradução e Comentário à Carta EA 15

The King of Assyria wishes to Become a Great King: EA 15 – A Portuguese Translation and Commentary

  • Lucas G. Freire Bolsista Pós-Doutor, North-West University, África do Sul Investigador Integrado, Observare na Universidade Autónoma de Lisboa, Portugal Professor Doutor Assistente, Universidade Presbiteriana Mackenzie
Palavras-chave: sociedade internacional, hierarquia e sistema suserano de estados, teoria de RI – Escola Inglesa, assiriologia – Cartas de Amarna

Resumo

O presente artigo oferece, pela primeira vez em língua portuguesa, uma tradução do documento EA 15 diretamente do original em acadiano. Essa tradução é seguida de um comentário textual e político à carta em questão, enquadrada numa abordagem teórica própria da disciplina de Relações Internacionais. A carta EA 15 marca a ascensão da Assíria ao seleto grupo de unidades políticas com prerrogativas hegemônicas no sistema Amarna. A interpretação defendida aqui é discutida à luz dos estudos apresentados no simpósio interdisciplinar Amarna Diplomacy, editados por Raymond Cohen e Raymond Westbrook e publicado em 2000.

Referências

ARTZI, P. The rise of the Middle-Assyrian kingdom according to El-Amarna letters 15 and 16: A contribution to the diplomatic history of the ancient Near East in the mid-second millennium BCE. In: ARTZI, P. (ed.) Bar-Ilan Studies in History, vol. 1. Ramat Gan: Bar-Ilan University Press, 1978. p. 25-41.

ARTZI, P. The diplomatic service in action: The Mittani file. In: COHEN, R.; WESTBROOK, R. (ed.) Amarna Diplomacy: The Beginnings of International Relations. Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2000. Cap. 16, p. 205-211.

AVRUCH, K. Reciprocity, equality, and status-anxiety in the Amarna letters. In: COHEN, R.; WESTBROOK, R. (ed.) Amarna Diplomacy: The Beginnings of International Relations. Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2000. Cap. 12, p. 154-164.

BERRIDGE, G. Amarna diplomacy: a full-fledged diplomatic system? In: COHEN, R.; WESTBROOK, R. (ed.) Amarna Diplomacy: The Beginnings of International Relations. Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2000. Cap. 17, p. 212-224.

BULL, H. The Anarchical Society: A Study of Order in World Politics. 4.ed. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2012.

BUZAN, B. An Introduction to the English School of International Relations: The Societal Approach. Cambridge: Polity, 2014.

COHEN, R. Diplomacy through the ages. In: KERR, P; WISEMAN, G. (ed.) Diplomacy in a Globalizing World: Theories and Practices. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013. Cap. 1, p. 15-30.

COHEN, R. On diplomacy in the ancient Near East: the Amarna letters. Diplomacy and Statecraft, v. 7, n. 2, p. 245-270, 1996.

COHEN, R. e WESTBROOK, R. (ed.) Amarna Diplomacy: The Beginnings of International Relations. Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2000.

DAVID, S. R. Realism, constructivism, and the Amarna Letters. In: COHEN, R.; WESTBROOK, R. (ed.) Amarna Diplomacy: The Beginnings of International Relations. Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2000. Cap. 5, p. 54-67.

FREIRE, L. G. Covenant and international relations in the ancient Near East: A preliminary exploration. Antiguo Oriente, n. 11, p. 129-154, 2013.

FREIRE, L. G. System and society: The Near East in the second millennium BCE. 61st Rencontre Assyriologique Internationale. Genebra e Berna, 22-26 de Junho, 2015.

HUEHNERGARD, J. A Grammar of Akkadian, 3.ed. Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2011.

HUEHNERGARD, J. e WOODS, C. Akkadian and Eblaite. In: WOODARD, R. D. (ed.) The Ancient Languages of Mesopotamia, Egypt, and Aksum. Cap. 4, p. 83-152.

JAKOB, S. The Middle Assyrian period (14th to 11th century BCE). In: FRAHM, E. (ed.) A Companion to Assyria. Malden, MA: Wiley Blackwell, 2017. Cap. 6, p. 117-142.

JÖNSSON, C. Diplomatic signaling in the Amarna letters. In: COHEN, R.; WESTBROOK, R. (ed.) Amarna Diplomacy: The Beginnings of International Relations. Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2000. Cap. 15, p. 191-204.

LAFONT, B. International relations in the ancient Near East: the birth of a complete diplomatic system. Diplomacy and Statecraft, v. 12, n. 1, p. 39-60, 2001.

LIVERANI, M. The Great Powers’ club. In: COHEN, R.; WESTBROOK, R. (ed.) Amarna Diplomacy: The Beginnings of International Relations. Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2000. Cap. 2, p. 15-27.

MANNING, C. A. W. The Nature of International Society. London: G. Bell and Sons, 1962.

MEIER, S. A. The Messenger in the Ancient Semitic World. Atlanta, GA: Scholars Press, 1988.

MORAN, W. L. Amarna Texts (Nos. 102, 103). In: Spar, I. (ed.) Cuneiform Texts in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, v. 1: Tablets, Cones, and Bricks of the Third and Second Millennia BC. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1988, p. 149-151.

MORAN, W. L. The Amarna Letters. Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1992.

MYNAROVA, J. Language of Amarna – Language of Diplomacy: Perspectives on the Amarna Letters. Prague: Czech Institute of Egyptology, 2007.

MYNAROVA, J. From the mountain or from the kiln? Lapis lazuli in the Amarna Letters. In: del OLMO LETE, G.; VIDAL, J.; WYATT, N. (ed.) The Perfumes of Seven Tamarisks: Studies in Honour of Wilfred G. E. Watson, pp. 63-70. Münster: Ugarit-Verlag, 2012.

OPPENHEIM, A. L. (ed. chefe) The Assyrian Dictionary of the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago, Vol. 1 (A part II). Chicago, IL: The Oriental Institute, 1968.

OPPENHEIM, A. L. (ed. chefe) The Assyrian Dictionary of the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago, Vol. 8 (K). Chicago, IL: The Oriental Institute, 1971.

PODANY, A. Brotherhood of Kings: How International Relations Shaped the Ancient Near East. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012.

RAGIONIERI, R. The Amarna age: an international society in the making. In: COHEN, R.; WESTBROOK, R. (ed.) Amarna Diplomacy: The Beginnings of International Relations. Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2000. Cap. 4, p. 42-53.

RAINEY, A. F. The El-Amarna Correspondence: A New Edition of the Cuneiform Letters from the Site of El-Amarna Based on Collations of All the Extant Tablets, 2 vols. SCHNIEDEWIND, W.; COCHAVI-RAINEY, Z. (eds.) Leiden: Brill, 2015.

REUS-SMIT, C. The Moral Purpose of the State: Culture, Social Identity, and Institutional Rationality in International Relations. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1999.

SASSON, J. M. From the Mari Archives: An Anthology of Old Babylonian Letters. Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2015.

SCHEIL, V. Deux nouvelles lettres d’El Amarna. Bulletin de l’Institut Français d’Archéologie Orientale du Caire, v. 2, p. 113-118, 1902.

SHARP, P. Diplomatic Theory of International Relations. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009.

SPAR, I. (ed.) Cuneiform Texts in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, v. 1: Tablets, Cones, and Bricks of the Third and Second Millennia BC. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1988.r

TARAWNEH, H. Amarna Letters: Two Languages, Two Dialogues. In: MYNAROVA, J. (ed.) Egypt and the Near East – The Crossroads: Proceedings of an International Conference on the Relations of Egypt and the Near East in the Bronze Age, p. 271-284. Prague: Charles University, 2011.

WATSON, A. Hegemony and History. London: Routledge, 2007.

WESTBROOK, R. International Law in the Amarna Age. In: COHEN, R.; WESTBROOK, R. (ed.) Amarna Diplomacy: The Beginnings of International Relations. Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2000. Cap. 3, p. 28-41.

WIGHT, M. Systems of States. BULL, H. (ed.) Leicester: Leicester University Press, 1977.

ZACCAGNINI, C. The interdependence of the great powers. In: COHEN, R.; WESTBROOK, R. (ed.) Amarna Diplomacy: The Beginnings of International Relations. Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2000. Cap. 11, p. 141-153.

Publicado
21-09-2018
Como Citar
Freire, L. G. (2018). O Rei da Assíria Deseja ser um Grande Rei: Tradução e Comentário à Carta EA 15. Estudos Internacionais: Revista De relações Internacionais Da PUC Minas, 6(2), 30-42. https://doi.org/10.5752/P.2317-773X.2018v6n2p30
Seção
Special Issue "The Amarna Letters: Relations between Polities in the Ancient World"