“High on Jesus”: US evangelicals and the counterculture

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Axel R. Schäfer

Resumo

A mobilização política dos protestantes conservadores nos Estados Unidos desde os anos 70 é comumente vista como tendo sido o resultado de uma "reação adversa" contra as supostas iniquidades dos anos 60, incluindo os excessos da contracultura. Em contraste, este artigo sustenta que os esforços protestantes conservadores, para se infiltrarem e absorverem a contracultura, contribuíram para a força organizacional, atratividade cultural e eficácia política da Nova Direita Cristã. O ensaio desenvolve três argumentos: primeiro, que os evangélicos não simplesmente rejeitaram as ideias contraculturais dos anos 60, mas absorveram e ampliaram seus sentimentos-chave. Segundo, que a apropriação da retórica e dos estilos organizacionais contraculturais pelo protestantismo conservador desempenhou um papel significativo na mobilização política dos evangélicos de direita. E terceiro, que a fusão do cristianismo evangélico e estilos contraculturais, ao invés de seu antagonismo, acabou sendo um dos legados mais duradouros dos anos sessenta.  Ao revisitar a relação entre a contracultura e o evangelismo, o ensaio também explora as implicações maiores para a compreensão da relação entre religião e política. A Nova Direita Cristã dominou os impulsos genuinamente insurgentes dentro do ressurgimento evangélico. Da mesma forma, ela alimentou os componentes conservadores da contracultura. O protestantismo conservador constituiu, assim, um movimento político que canalizou as insurgências para uma forma cultural que relegitimou as trajetórias fundamentais do capitalismo liberal e da sociedade consumista.

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Como Citar
SCHÄFER, A. R. “High on Jesus”: US evangelicals and the counterculture. HORIZONTE - Revista de Estudos de Teologia e Ciências da Religião, v. 18, n. 57, p. 924, 31 dez. 2020.
Seção
Artigos/Articles: Dossiê/Dossier
Biografia do Autor

Axel R. Schäfer, Johannes-Gutenberg-Universität Mainz

Doutor em História pela Washington University (1994)

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